Thursday, October 31, 2013

Top 10 Global Chocolate Manufacturers

With chocolate being hailed as the best brain food in one of the recent studies, where it links the country's chocolate consumption and the number of Nobel Prize winners that country has created, here’s a list of the top brands that manufacture chocolate.

Kraft Foods Inc, which recently changed its name to Mondelēz International, so that Kraft Foods focuses on the North American foods business whereas Mondelēz International focuses on the global snacks business, tops the list with a net sales of $19,965 million. Mondelēz International makes Toblerone and Cadbury Dairy Milk


Mars Inc, makers of the famous Mars, Twix and Bounty comes next with a net sales of $16,200 million. Mars operates in six business segments: chocolate, petcare, Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company, Food, Drinks, and Symbioscience.

Nestlé S.A. is a Swiss multinational nutritional and health-related consumer goods company headquartered in Switzerland. It is the largest food company in the world measured by revenues and as of 2011 its net sales stood at $12,808 million. It’s known for Kit Kat and Smarties chocolates and for its brand of Nescafé coffee.

The Ferrero SpA group, best known for their spherical chocolate filled with hazelnuts called the Ferrero Rocher is next with a net sales of $9,612 million. Ferrero SpA is a private company owned by the Ferrero family and has been described as one of the world's most secretive firms. The group also produces the famour Nutella brand of chocolate spreads.

Perhaps one of the most recognizable brands in chocolate, Hershey’s is next with net sales of $6,112 million. Hershey is one of the oldest chocolate companies in the United States, and reportedly an American icon for its chocolate bar. Hershey's products are sold in about sixty countries worldwide.

Talking about chocolates, Lindt & Sprüngli AG cannot be far behind. The company clocked a net sales of $2,796 million. The group also has eight chocolate cafés in Australia and are planning in the earliest of stages for the first United States chocolate café in Wrentham, MA.

Established in 1903, August Storck KG is a German sweets producer with headquarters in Berlin, with a net sales of $2,205 million.The initial purpose of the company was to manufacture all products by hand and the founder, August Storck, began with three employees, a cooking kettle and a panning kettle. They are the makers of Werther’s Original and Merci.

Turkey’s Yildiz Holding started in 1944, which acquired Godiva Chocolatier, clocked a net sales of $2,095 million. With 54 factories, 9 of which are in foreign countries, Yildiz Holding employs a workforce of 24,400 and produces a range of products including biscuits, chocolate, edible oil, dairy products, cullinary products, baby food and packaging materials.

Japan’s Meiji Co with net sales of $1,791 million is next. Initially established as a dairy company in 1917, became Meiji Co., Ltd.in 2009 with the JV of Meiji Seika Kaisha, Ltd. and Meiji Dairies Corporation which now sees the food and healthcare businesses. Meiji also owns the United States cookie manufacturer D.F. Stauffer Biscuit Company based in Pennsylvania.

The Arcor Group is an Argentine food company specialized in confectionery, founded on July 5, 1951. The group is the world’s largest producer of candies and the largest exporter of confectionery of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Peru. It clocked a net sales of $1,716 million.

9 Bollywood Khans And Their Hindu Wives

From a rich girl marrying a poor boy to the modern eras’ Ishaqzaade’ who are ready to die in each others arms rather than getting separated in the name of religion, these love sagas are endless. Here's a look at the real life ‘Ishaqzaade’ of Bollywood, who married outside their religion and are living happily ever after.

Shah Rukh Khan and Gauri ChhibberNobody comes close to our King Khan when it comes to his real life romance with wife Gauri. The actor won Gauri’s heart, but just like a typical 90s masala film had the whole family ‘brigade‘of Gauri, against their marriage. But at last, this Dilwala took the Dulhaniya away and are now a blissfully married couple.


Irrfan Khan and Sutapa SikdarParent of two, Irfan and Sutapa have been married for more than a decade now. Their love story began in Delhi during their days in NSD (National School of Drama).

Fardeen Khan and Natasha MadhvaniOnce a heartthrob of many girls, Fardeen Khan married his childhood love Natasha Madhvani in a typical grand ‘Khan’ style. Natasha is daughter of yesteryear actress Mumtaz and Fardeen, as all know, is a son of late veteran actor Firoz Khan. This marriage has a ‘Picture Perfect’ plot of how children of onscreen lovers (Mumtaz-Firoz) fall in love with each other in real life.

Zayed Khan and Malaika ParekhMoving on the footsteps of his cousin Fardeen Khan, Zayed Khan, also married his high school love Malaika. Zayed was more than happy to say ‘Mai Hoon Na’ to Malika’s parents, when they began looking for a guy for her.

Sohail Khan and Seema SachdevA Muslim guy meets a Hindu Girl, but their families refuse to this marriage. What Next? Yes, straight out of a Hindi film, they elope! This is exactly what Sohail did; he eloped with his love Seema apparently on the day when his directorial debut ‘Pyaar Kiya to Darna’ starring his brother Salman Khan got released.

Arbaaz Khan and Malaika AroraUnlike Sohail, Arbaaz did not elope with Malaika, rather, like an obedient son-in-law agreed to Malaika's mom and had a Church wedding with his girl.

Saif Ali Khan-Kareena KapoorI know I get no eyebrows up for mentioning this one. This Bollywood Shaadi was like a National Issue in our country about which everybody knows, all thanks to Media! So, not a word more on this Couple, Let’s move forward.

Aamir Khan and Kiran RaoLove for Cinema is what brought Mr. Perfectionist close to his wife Kiran Rao and his decision of 'second' marriage seems to be getting ‘Perfect’ results for this couple.

Imran Khan and Avantika MalikThey lived together in Los Angeles (when Imran was taking formal acting training), they had known each other for 10 long years and since then nothing has changed between the two of them. Oh yes, one thing they are now happily married.

World's Tallest Tower Now Open

The 634-m tall Tokyo Skytree is also the second tallest structure in the world after Dubai's Burj Khalifa. The tower project forms the centrepiece of a large commercial development.

The project was completed on 29 February 2012, with the tower's public opening due on 22 May 2012.


One of its main purposes is to relay television and radio broadcast signals; Tokyo's current facility, Tokyo Tower with a height of 333 m (1,093 ft), no longer gives complete digital terrestrial television broadcasting coverage because it is surrounded by many high-rise buildings.

The Tokyo Skytree, twice as tall as the Eiffel Tower is set to open next week, according to media reports.

Tokyo Skytree, formerly known as New Tokyo Tower, is a broadcasting, restaurant, and observation tower in Sumida, Tokyo, Japan. It became the tallest structure in Japan in 2010 and reached its full height of 634.0 metres (2,080 ft) in March 2011, making it the tallest tower in the world, displacing the Canton Tower, and the second tallest structure in the world after Dubai’s Burj Khalifa (829.84 m/2,723 ft).

Led by Tobu Railway and a group of six terrestrial broadcasters headed by NHK, the tower project forms the centrepiece of a large commercial development equidistant from Tokyo Skytree and Oshiage train stations, 7 km (4.3 mi) north-east of Tokyo station.

The base of the tower has a structure similar to a tripod

There are observatories at 350 m (1,150 ft) and 450 m (1,480 ft).

The design was published on 24 November 2006, based on the following three concepts. * Fusion of futuristic design and traditional beauty of Japan, * Catalyst for revitalization of the city, * Contribution to disaster prevention Safety and Security.

Completion was delayed two months from the original schedule because of a shortage of supplies due to the effects of the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami.

The Tokyo Sky Tree is seen as cherry trees are in full bloom.

10 Fastest Trains In The World

Not one to rest on its past achievements, China is working to develop faster high-speed trains. The country aims to enhance its rail safety and efficiency, according to a document released by the Ministry of Science and Technology earlier this year.


The CRH380A high-speed train is one of the four Chinese train series which have been designed for the new standard operating speed of 380 km/h (236 mph) on newly constructed Chinese high-speed main lines.

HSL 1, Belgium runs at a speed of 300 km/h (186 mph). It is a Belgian High speed rail line from Brussels to LGV Nord.

Started in 1993, ETR 500 or Elettro Treno Rapido 500 is Italian high-speed train runs at a speed of 300 km/h (186 mph).

Eurostar, UK that runs at 300 km/h (186 mph) connects London, Paris and Brussels.

Spain’s AVE Talgo-350 runs at 330 km/h (205 mph).

The THSR 700T is high-speed electric multiple unit trainset derived from the Japanese Shinkansen family for Taiwan High Speed Rail (THSR), Taiwan's high-speed rail line. It runs at 335.50 km/h or 208 mph.

KTX II or KTX-Sancheon is high speed train built in South Korea by Hyundai Rotem in the second half of the 2000s and operated by Korail since March 2009. It can reach speeds of up to 352.4 km/hour (218 mph).

The French-owned TGV Réseau (TGV-R) were built by Alstom between 1992 and 1996 and are based on the earlier TGV Atlantique. The train can run up to 380 km/hour (236.12 mph) speed.

The Shinkansen, also known as the Bullet Train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan operated by four Japan Railways Group companies. The test run of the train can reach the speed of 443 km/h (275 mph).

Transrapid or TR-09 is a German high-speed monorail train using magnetic levitation and can hit a speed of 450 km/hour (270.3 mph).(Information source for all slides: www.fastesttrain.org)

Wednesday, October 30, 2013

6 Drinks To Fight Ageing

These six drinks fight aging. See what they are and when to down them.

WaterWhen to Drink: At the Alarm Guzzle water, Dr. Lodge suggests. Hydrating will help beat that groggy feeling and make your skin look its glowy best (both now and later in life), says David E. Bank, M.D., a dermatologist in Mount Kisco, New York


CoffeeWhen to Drink: At Breakfast Coffee may help your heart and (if you take it black) metabolism, and it reduces risk for some types of cancer, studies show.

Green teaWhen to Drink: At Lunch Sip tea. Green kick-starts metabolism and can help fend off breast cancer, says Jonathan R. Cole, M.D., medical director of the California Health and Longevity Institute. Black may lower blood pressure, research from the University of Western Australia suggests.

Hot cocoaWhen to Drink: P.M. Snack Hot cocoa (have it over ice if you can't take the heat) has more antioxidants than does coffee, red wine or green tea, a study from Cornell University reveals. Great for your heart and skin.

Red Wine When to Drink: At Dinner Enjoy a glass of red wine: Piceatannol, a compound your body makes when you drink vino, could stunt fat-cell growth (woot!), the Journal of Biological Chemistry reports.

MilkWhen to Drink: Before Bed Grab milk—your skeleton will love the calcium, and your muscles will love the protein. You'll wake up even stronger.

Top 10 Hangover Foods

Overdone it on the grog? While you may be tempted to reach for the junk food to make yourself feel better, loading your overworked liver with more toxins is actually the last thing it needs. Instead, try snacking on one of these alternative foods to aid your recovery and start feeling better in no time at all.

Hangover food 1: VegemiteOne reason many of us feel so bad the morning after a drinking session is because alcohol depletes your system of essential nutrients, including B vitamins. A lack of B vitamins can cause anxiety and depression, so try munching on vegemite - a rich source of the vitamin B complex - to lift your mood. As an added benefit, vegemite has a high sodium content which can help replace the salts lost through drinking alcohol. Try the savoury spread on toast for an added fix of carbs.


Hangover food 2: WatermelonNot only does alcohol deplete your body of nutrients, it can also lead to low blood sugar levels, which may leave you feeling weak and shaky. To counteract this, try snacking on watermelon, which is not only high in fructose but is also water-rich to boost hydration. On top of this, watermelon is high in many essential nutrients, including vitamin C, B-vitamins and magnesium

Hangover food 3: GingerIf too much alcohol has you feeling queasy, ginger is the perfect food to help settle your stomach and relieve nausea. While you may not feel much like chewing on the food in its original form, you could try adding some grated ginger to hot water for a ginger tea, blending into a fresh fruit or vegetable juice, or snacking on ginger biscuits for a stomach-soothing treat.

Hangover food 4: EggsScrambled, fried or boiled, eggs are a popular hangover breakfast, and the good news is they are a great choice for beating the nastiest of hangovers. Firstly, eggs are extremely rich in protein, which helps raise mood-boosting serotonin levels as well as helping to reduce nausea. Furthermore, eggs are rich in an amino acid called cystine, which helps fight against the alcohol-induced toxins that contribute to your hangover.

Hangover food 5: BananasBananas are packed with potassium and magnesium, two of the minerals often depleted in our bodies when alcohol is consumed. A lack of potassium in the body can lead to nausea, weakness and tiredness, so stocking up on bananas can help reduce these classic hangover symptoms. As an added bonus, bananas are natural antacids so great for reducing stomach acid, and are good for providing a boost of energy if you have a busy day ahead.

Hangover food 6: SoupOne of the most important steps for beating a hangover is getting your body rehydrated, and this can be done through what you eat as much as what you drink. To up your fluids and sodium levels and get a shot of nutrients all at once, try some health-boosting vegetable or miso soup. As an added benefit, soup is easy on the stomach so good if you're feeling a bit queasy.

Hangover food 7: OatsDue to the diuretic effects of alcohol, the body loses many essential minerals and vitamins during a heavy drinking session. Luckily, oats can provide you with many of these nutrients, including B vitamins (good for the liver and mood) and essential minerals magnesium, calcium and iron. On top of this, oats can help neutralise acidity levels in the body, cleanse the liver, absorb toxins and slowly raise blood sugar levels, making a bowl of porridge the perfect hangover breakfast.

Hangover food 8: Fruit juiceIf you're feeling a bit queasy at the thought of food, then this is the cure for you. While it's great to line your stomach with food if you can, to replace lost vitamins, raise blood sugar levels and rehydrate your body, you can't do much better than a glass of fresh juice. Not only is juice good for immediate relief, the fructose will also help speed up the removal of alcohol from your blood.

Hangover food 9: SardinesIf you're craving something savoury, sardines on toast could be the perfect morning-after breakfast. A major cause of hangovers is an imbalance of electrolytes, and sardines are rich in many of these vital minerals, including sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium and calcium. In addition to this, sardines are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which are great for protecting the liver as well as lifting the mood.

Hangover food 10: Coconut waterMany hangover sufferers swear by sports drinks as a way to hydrate the body and help rebalance electrolytes. However, sports drinks are often carbonated, which can irritate the stomach, and packed with refined sugars. For a natural alternative to sports drinks, try sipping on some coconut water, which contains essential electrolytes (including calcium, potassium and magnesium) to boost hydration, and is also soothing for the stomach.